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  • 大企业更青睐IoT技术
  • 本站编辑:杭州延动科技有限公司发布日期:2018-06-12 17:25 浏览次数:
为调查日本智能工厂发展现状(IoT利用现状),日本经济产业省分别对3858家企业进行了调查,并将全体企业分为A、B、C、D、E五组(如右表),从A组到E组的IoT利用率依次提高,企业规模分为300人以上、101~300人、100人以下三个等级。横向看,无论哪个组中,100人以下、101~300人的中小企业占比均较高,原因在于中小企业数量较多,而300人以上企业的数量较少,仅占全体企业的7.8%;从纵向来看,300人以上企业IoT利用率从A组的5.0%依次提高,在E组中的占比为15.1%,而100人以下企业的占比则呈现了依次下降的情况,101~300人企业在各组中的占比均比较稳定。由此可见,企业IoT利用以大企业为主,中小企业引入态度积极。
从实际应用上看,IoT利用提高了全体企业的决策速度,缩短了产品生命周期。从决策速度的变化上看,虽然决策维持原状的企业占比较大,但IoT利用率越高的企业决策速度越快,E组中决策速度加速的企业占47.7%,而A组中决策速度加速的企业仅占28.2%。主打产品开发周期也与决策速度呈现了同样的趋势,E组中主打产品开发周期缩短的企业占比为49.3%,A组中主打产品开发周期缩短的企业占比仅为26.7%。
目前,日本中小企业IoT设备投资呈稳步增长趋势。调查显示,对于小企业而言,无论是决策速度还是主打产品开发周期,IoT利用率较高的企业均取得了较好的效果。其中,E组中决策速度加快的企业占比为49.3%,主打产品开发周期缩短的企业占47.1%。从设备投资预测来看(如图5),未来三年,除E组外,投资平稳增长的企业占比较多,E组中设备投资预测微增的企业占比较大,为46.9%,同时E组中设备投资增加的比例也比其他组大,为8%。

In order to investigate the current situation of the development of Japanese intelligent factories (IoT utilization status), the Japanese economic industry province investigated 3858 enterprises, and divided all the enterprises into five groups, such as A, B, C, D and E (such as the right table). The IoT utilization rate from A group to E group increased in turn, and the enterprise scale was divided into three grades of more than 300, 101~300 and below 100. . Horizontally, no matter which group, the proportion of small and medium-sized enterprises under 100 and 101~300 people is higher, because the number of small and medium-sized enterprises is more, and the number of more than 300 enterprises is less, accounting for only 7.8% of the whole enterprise. From the vertical point of view, the IoT utilization rate of more than 300 enterprises is increased from 5% in group A, and the proportion in the group of E is 15..  1%, while the proportion of enterprises below 100 shows a decreasing trend, and the proportion of 101~300 enterprises in each group is relatively stable. It can be seen that enterprise IoT takes advantage of large enterprises, and SMEs introduce positive attitude.
From the practical application, IoT has improved the decision-making speed of all enterprises and shortened the life cycle of products. From the change of decision speed (for example, figure 3), although the enterprises with the decision to maintain the original form are relatively large, the faster the IoT utilization rate is, the faster the decision-making speed of the E group, and the 28.2% in the A group. The development cycle of the main product has also shown the same trend as decision speed (Figure 4). In group E, the proportion of enterprises with shortened product development cycle is 49.3%, and that of enterprises in group A is only 26.7% shorter than that of the main product development cycle.
At present, investment in IoT equipment for SMEs in Japan shows a steady growth trend. The survey shows that for small businesses, whether decision speed or flagship product development cycle, IoT high utilization enterprises have achieved good results. Among them, E group accounted for 49.3% of the decision making speed, and 47.1% of the main product development cycle shortened. From the investment forecast of equipment (for example, figure 5), in the next three years, in addition to the E group, the enterprises with a steady increase in investment account for a lot. The enterprises in the E group have a large increase in equipment investment forecast, which is 46.9%, and the proportion of equipment investment in the E group is also larger than that of the other groups, which is 8%.